Yoga therapy uses yoga practices like poses, breathwork, and meditation on a gradient to help you heal mentally and physically. And if my predictions are correct, it’s due for a spike in popularity.
More and more people are searching for holistic alternatives that are backed by science. And yoga therapy is quickly emerging as a viable alternative or at least adjunct to some of the mainstream, but less desirable options.
In this post, we’ll explain everything you need to know about yoga therapy including the 9 most common types, conditions it’s been used for, and make it as simple as possible to understand.
The Difference Between Yoga and Yoga Therapy
Firstly, it’s important that you know the difference between the two because, admittedly, this can be confusing.
Yoga in general is therapeutic and healing.
The basic framework of using breathing, postures, and meditation is also useful in addressing mental, physical, and emotional needs.
Yoga is also a great way to stay flexible, toned, relieve pain, reduce stress, and to promote mental and physical well being in general.
However, yoga therapy takes these concepts and expands them one step further.
In addition to basic yoga training, yoga therapists have an in-depth layer of training that gives them the ability to assess the needs of their clients on a therapeutic level.
They work on specific goals rather than leading you through a series of poses/asanas like you would find in a normal yoga class.
A goal will be developed based on your specific needs and that’s what you and your therapist will work towards.
The range of practices recommended by your yoga therapist might include:
- Breathing exercises
- A variety of movements, from gentle to vigorous, based on your ability
- Visualization and meditation practices
- Postures designed to address your areas of discomfort and specific structural imbalances
- Combinations of tools and exercises tailored to heal your symptoms
Unlike general yoga classes, your yoga therapy session is conducted one-on-one or in a small group so it can be tailored to your specific needs and your progress can be closely monitored.
Benefits of Yoga Therapy
One interesting study shows that it’s been successfully used as a treatment modality for children with autism in helping them increase their imitation skills. Something that traditional yoga probably wouldn’t be able to improve.
Another article, Meditation and Yoga can Modulate Brain Mechanisms that affect Behavior and Anxiety-A Modern Scientific Perspective (here), outlines studies conducted by Harvard, Yale, and MIT on the effects yoga has on neurophysiological functions.
The studies concluded the positive results from yoga are attributed to its ability to boost the neurotransmitter GABA (gamma-aminobutyric acid). GABA levels are low in individuals who experience depression, anxiety, and higher stress levels.
The growing list of other mental health conditions that may benefit from yoga therapy include:
- Eating Disorders
- Postnatal Depression
There has also been a great amount of success in treating and relieving a variety of physical conditions including:
- Back Pain
- Heart Conditions
- Chronic Fatigue
- Multiple sclerosis
- Effects of Chemotherapy
- High Blood Pressure
History of Yoga Therapy
The Minded Institute tells us that the term ‘Yoga Therapy’ was created in the 1920s by Swami Kuvalyananda.
He believed that it was possible to measure physical and mental changes through yoga and began using yoga therapy for healing purposes.
Swami Kuvalyananda’s beliefs and success inspired researchers to study the effects of yoga further.
As a result, yoga became an institution.
A whole new field was created to apply yoga therapy for the alleviation of mental and physical issues.
The International Association of Yoga Therapists (IAYT) was also developed to empower individuals to improve the health and well being of others through yoga therapy.
This method of therapy has become so popular that it has been reviewed in medical journals and is the subject of multi-tiered research.
USA cardiologist, Dr. Dean Ornish has even had success in reversing heart disease. His therapeutic program utilizing yoga therapy as part of his treatment for heart disease has been so successful that it is now accepted by public health insurance.
How is Yoga Therapy Used?
Like any physical endeavor, yoga therapy starts slowly and increases in intensity and time as your body adjusts. For those with serious medical issues, yoga therapy may begin with a single posture and breathing exercises.
The goal is to provide the students with exercises they can complete at home. It’s also more effective to achieve precision rather than quantity.
The only exception to this would be if a series of practices were given that must be completed to relieve specific symptoms.
Students who are capable of handling more will be given exercises suitable for their strength and ability. The beauty of Yoga Therapy is that you will always begin at the level most appropriate for your condition and experience level.
What To Expect Your First Session
Before your first session with a Yoga Therapist, you may be asked to provide an overview of your current health, pain, conditions you’re experiencing, and your emotional and mental state.
This information will be used to prepare your yoga therapist for your visit.
On your first visit with your yoga therapist, you’ll be interviewed so your therapist can determine your specific needs and goals. Your therapist may ask to see your posture, perform some movement, or perform some breathing exercises.
This evaluation is helpful for the therapist to assess your range of motion and breathing capacity. Once that has been determined, the framework for healing can be created.
Here’s how it goes:
- A preliminary plan will be developed for daily practice
- Three to six sessions are usually recommended to begin
- The plan will include elements such as postures, breathing techniques, and meditation
- You will be encouraged to continue with other forms of treatment since yoga therapy complements other healing modalities
- Exercises will be prescribed for you to do at home
If you’re wondering what to wear, dressing for yoga therapy is simple. Wear loose-fitting clothes, and dress in layers.
You want to wear clothing that won’t restrict your movement. Yoga can also be done in a hot environment or a room temperature environment. Dressing in layers will allow you to adjust to any temperature.
Depending on your needs and the type of yoga therapy you choose, how the sessions progress will vary.
Sessions for alleviating pain will most likely be centered on postures, while emotional issues may be centered more on breathing exercises.
Each time you meet for a session, you will work with your yoga therapist to make changes that help you continue to make progress in the areas of healing you need the most.
The ultimate goal of yoga therapy is to empower individuals to help themselves. The yoga therapist is only there to guide and facilitate this process.
Different types of Yoga Therapy
Since each patient’s needs are specific and unique, a style of yoga that works for one individual may not be appropriate for another. Each person needs to be evaluated and the type of exercises is decided case-by-case.
A good yoga therapist will recommend an approach, be mindful, make observations, and adjust the therapy as needed.
There are many styles and approaches to implementing yoga therapy. You and your therapist will be able to find a style best suited for your healing needs.
9 Of The Most Common Styles Of Yoga Therapy
1. Kripalu Yoga Therapy
Kripalu focuses on active and critical thinking by using an interrogative method. The purpose is to create self-awareness and looks to achieve the following:
- Make sense of your actions
- Provide personal grown and development
- Acknowledge your strengths
- Make your own decisions
- Create a feeling of independence
- Feel the connection between your body and the universe
- Utilize the power of the universe
2. Phoenix Rising Yoga Therapy
Phoenix therapy is not practiced with a specific ailment in mind. It focuses on the specific needs of the client and will work on physical fitness or mental stability. Phoenix Therapy may include:
- Yoga poses with assistance
- Body psychology
- Breathing techniques
- Proper body mechanics
- Stress management
- Healing from trauma or relationship issues
- Healing cancer
- Dealing with aging
3. Anusara Yoga Therapy
Anusara literally means ‘going with the flow’. The focus of Anusara is placing importance on universal alignment. Anusara uses around 250 asanas or postures and focuses on:
- A blend of postures
- Utilizes breathing, postures, and wisdom
- Exercising lung capacity
- Improving flexibility
- Building strength
- Mental stability
- Creating energy
- Feeling more relaxed
4. Kundalini Therapy
Kundalini differs from other types of yoga therapy in that it strives not only to strengthen the body but enhances one’s ability to develop a third eye. It teaches the importance of the inner self. During this process, the client may feel strange sensations as skills are developed that lead to the ultimate goal of healing disease and being filled with love and bliss. Sensations often felt include:
5. Tantra Therapy
Tantric Therapy assists clients in learning to enjoy and satisfy their partners and enjoy intimacy and closeness. It stimulates energy and fuels passion and the discovery of romance. The goal of Tantra Therapy is to deal with problems like:
- Loss of intimacy
- Lack of sexual knowledge
- Overcoming sexual abuse
- Broken relationships
- Shame from not achieving love and intimacy
6. Forest Therapy
For nature lovers, Forest therapy uses nature as a healer. Walking in the woods, and being away from technology, drawing on the power of nature, promotes healing by:
- Learning to be present in the moment
- Relieves worry and stress
- Reduces tension
- Boosts overall well-being
- Declutters the mind
- Eliminates negative thoughts
- Promotes realistic and positive thoughts
- Increases awareness, inner balance, and wholeness
7. Structural Yoga Therapy
Structural Yoga considers the overall health of the client. The goal is to use the practice to lead a balanced and healthy lifestyle and achieve the following:
- Healing of ailments
- Lifestyle improvement
- Improve personality
- Overcome pain
- •Relieve stress
- Gain power over emotions
- Balance in daily life
8. Integrative Yoga Therapy
Integrative Yoga creates a healing process by practicing postures while focusing on meditation. The goal is to refresh, relax, relieve pain, and cure ailments such as:
- Back pain
- Sleep disorders
- Changes in life
- Body image issues
- Chronic ailments
9. Hot Yoga
Also known as Bikram Yoga, Hot Yoga is unique because it is practiced in a heated and humid room. It uses 26 postures designed to stretch muscles to their maximum potential and has the following benefits:
- Stretches ligaments and tendons
- Increases the body’s supply of oxygen
- Relieves Stress
- Tones muscles
- Reduces back pain
- Rejuvenates the body
Taking Control of Your Healing
As more research shows that Yoga Therapy is beneficial for a wide range of conditions, more people are using it for healing their physical and mental conditions. It’s proven to be an excellent way to not only reduce stress and boost happy hormones but also offers a natural alternative to conditions that might otherwise require powerful medications.
No matter which style you chose, your yoga therapist will evaluate your needs through listening, questioning, and observing. Then they’ll provide you with a yoga treatment plan that’s specific to your needs. For more information on what yoga therapy is, it can help to contact a local therapist and set up a consultation.